CDM project types in South Africa

The South African Designated National Authority (DNA) has identified the following project types as priorities in South Africa:

Energy supply

  • Gas-fired power generation
  • Cleaner coal power generation technology
  • Hydro-electricity to replace coal-fired power stations
  • Co-generation (biomass and fossil-fuel based)
  • Renewable electricity (e.g. wind, photovoltaics, biomass) and other renewable energy (e.g. biogas)
  • Switch of synthetic fuel feedstock from coal to gas
  • Use of forest and agricultural wastes to generate electricity and heat


  • Conversion of boilers from coal to gas
  • Industrial energy efficiency
  • Structural change to less energy and emissions-intensive industries


  • Industrial energy efficiency
  • Reducing methane emissions from coal mines

Agriculture and forestry

  • Afforestation and reforestation
  • Improved management of natural woodlands
  • Control of fires

Transport and Communications

  • Improved public transport
  • Improved urban planning and traffic management
  • Improved vehicle efficiency
  • Vehicle fuel switching
  • Switching from road to rail transport

Residential, commercial and government buildings

  • Energy-efficient appliances
  • Solar water heating
  • Fuel switching in households and commercial boilers
  • Energy-efficient building design
  • Energy management